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[原创] ST STWBC-EPQi MP-A10 15 W无线电池充电发送器解决方案

关键词:电源管理 无线充电 Qi MP-A10

时间:2018-03-28 10:56:45       作者:ST       来源:中电网

ST公司的STWBC-EP是Qi MP-A10 15 W无线电池充电发送器数字控制器,它为把功率传送到WBC使能应用的接收器(RX)提供了最灵活和有线的解决方案,VIN输入范围3V-5.5V,主要用在智能手机,平板电脑以及其它以电池为能源和采用电磁感应充电的设备.本文介绍了无线充电系统描述图,STWBC-EP主要特性,架构图以及评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1主要特性,电路图,材料清单和PCB设计图.

The STWBC-EP is the digital controller for the wireless battery charger (WBC) transmitters(TX) from STMicroelectronics optimized for Extended Power Profile (EPP) Wireless PowerConsortium (WPC) 1.2 certified applications up to 15 W.

It offers the most flexible and efficient solution for controlling the power transfer to a receiver(RX) in WBC-enabled applications such as smartphones, tablets and other battery-powereddevices that use the electromagnetic induction for recharging.

The TX is responsible for controlling the transmitting coil and generating the correct amountof power requested by the RX. The RX continuously provides the transmitter with the correctpower level requested, by modulating the transmitter carrier through the controlled resistiveor capacitive load. Generating the correct amount of power ensures the highest level of end-to-end efficiency due to reduced energy losses. It also helps maintaining a lower operationaltemperature.

The TX can adapt to the amount of energy transferred by the coil by modulating the frequency, duty cycle or amplitude of the PWM voltage on the transmitting coil.The STWBC-EP is capable of bidirectional communication with the RX as specified by the WPC 1.2 protocol.

STWBC-EP主要特性:

 Digital controller for wireless battery chargertransmitter
 15 W single coil inductive transmittersoptimized for:
– Cell phones and smartphones
– Tablets and phablets
– Charging accessories
 Support for Wireless Power Consortium (WPC)1.2 EPP 15 W certified applications
– Backward compatible with 5 W WPC 1.1applications
 Support for half bridge topology with DC/DC
 VIN range: 3 V to 5.5 V
– Supports USB Vin
 Active presence detector
 Foreign object detection
 Q-factor measurement
 Parametric customization via GUI
 Turnkey firmware solution
 Peripherals
– 10-bit ADC
– UART interface
– I2C master fast/slow speed rate
– GPIOs
 Memory
– Flash and EEPROM with read-while-write(RWW) and Error Correction Code (ECC)
– Program memory: 32-Kbyte Flash; dataretention: 20 years at 55 ℃ after 1000
cycles at 55 ℃
– Data memory: 1 Kbyte true data EEPROM;
data retention: 20 years at 55℃ after 1000cycles at 85 ℃
– RAM: 6 Kbytes
 Transmitter reference design:
– WPC Qi 1.2.3 certified
– MP-A10 single coil 15 W topology
– Evaluation board order code: STEVALISB044V1
– 2-layer PCBs
– Active object detection
– Graphical User Interface for applicationmonitoring
 Operating temperature: -40℃ up to 105℃
 Package: VFQFPN32 - 5 x 5mm

图1.无线充电系统描述图

图2.STWBC-EP架构图

评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1

Qi MP-A10 15 W wireless charger TX evaluation kit based on STWBC-EP
The STEVAL-ISB044V1 evaluation kit has been designed for devices, such as
smartphones or tablets, requiring high power levels.
It supports wireless battery charging up to 15 W.

The embedded STWBC-EP digital controller transmitter is based on a cost-effective half-bridge topology providing external interfaces via UART and I²C.The kit also includes STWBC-EP firmware, a graphical interface for debug,schematics, layout files and bill of materials.

There are specific tools for the STEVAL-ISB044V1 available on www.st.com whichgive runtime information, such as the power delivered, the regulation error or theprotocol status as well as parameter tuning.

The STEVAL-ISB044V1 wireless power transmitter evaluation board is based on the MP-A10 (CR419) wireless power consortium (WPC) standard version 1.2.3 and supports FOD (foreign object detection).

The transmitter supports all Qi-compatible receivers (such as those in Qi- enabled mobile phones) as well as resistive or capacitive modulation receivers. In accordance with the Qi-MPA10 topology, the STEVAL-ISB044V1 supports a 5-13 V input voltage and a half-bridge stage with bridge voltage/frequency control.

The evaluation board is based on the STWBC- EP controller which integrates all the functions required to drive and monitor the transmitter, and controls the bridge voltage built in boost topology.

The STWBC-EP supports UART connectivity to a PC and, thanks to the STEVAL-ISB044V1 graphical interface, monitors the transmitter behavior in real-time.
The STEVAL-ISB044V1 reference design provides a complete kit which includes the STWBC-EP, firmware, layout based on cost- effective 2-layer PCB, graphical interfaces and tools.

评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1主要特性:

• STWBC-EP digital controller
• 15 W output power
• Qi MP-A10 reference design
• WPC Qi1.2.3 standard compliant
• Robust demodulation algorithm, with triple path (V, I, f)
• Foreign object detection (FOD)
• Accurate power control
• Active presence detection
• UART protocol to control and monitor the system
• Complete reference design (evaluation board, IC, firmware and tools)
• 2-layer PCB for easy design
• Flash memory-based
• RoHS compliant

图3.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1外形图

图4.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(1)

图5.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(2)

图6.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(3)

图7.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(4)

图8.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(5)

图9.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(6)

图10.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(7)

图11.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1电路图(8)
评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1材料清单:




图12.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:功能和区块装配

图13.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:电源信号布线

图14.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:地平面

图15.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:DC/DC升压走线

图16.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:电源GND走线

图17.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:桥接点走线

图18.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:并联电阻走线

图19.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:EMI元件(1)

图20.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:EMI元件(2)

图21.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:STWBC-EP数字控制器布局

图22.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:电流检测

图23.评估板STEVAL-ISB044V1 PCB设计图:电流解调
详情请见:
http://www.st.com/content/ccc/resource/technical/document/datasheet/group3
/72/93/ad/df/44/cc/42/ba/DM00404563/files/DM00404563.pdf/jcr:content/translations/en.DM00404563.pdf

http://www.st.com/content/ccc/resource/technical/document/data_brief/group1
/94/27/2e/5e/87/c2/4b/c7/DM00437902/files/DM00437902.pdf/jcr:content/translations/en.DM00437902.pdf

以及http://www.st.com/content/ccc/resource/technical/document/user_manual
/group0/2d/20/0d/4c/bb/28/45/28/DM00442920/files/DM00442920.pdf/jcr:content/translations/en.DM00442920.pdf

http://www.st.com/content/ccc/resource/technical/layouts_and_diagrams/schematic_pack/group0/08/9a/00/e4/4b/23/4d/7c/STEVAL-ISB044V1_schematics/files/steval-isb044v1_schematic.pdf/jcr:content/translations/en.steval-isb044v1_schematic.pdf
http://www.st.com/content/ccc/resource/technical/document/bill_of_materials
/group0/c6/4b/e6/18/ed/51/47/9d/STEVAL-ISB044V1_BOM/files/steval-isb044v1_bom.pdf/jcr:content/translations/en.steval-isb044v1_bom.pdf

en.steval-isb044v1_schematic.pdf
en.steval-isb044v1_bom.pdf
en.DM00442920.pdf
en.DM00437902.pdf
en.DM00404563.pdf

 

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