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[原创] TI TIDA-010039三相SiC AC-DC转换器参考设计

关键词:电源管理 AC/DC转换器 SiC MOSFET TIDA-010039

时间:2020-02-07 11:36:27       来源:中电网

TI公司的TIDA-010039是三级三相SiC AC/DC转换器参考设计,提供了如何实现具有双向功能的三级三相基于SiC的AC/DC转换器.其高开关频率50kHz降低滤波器设计中的磁性元件尺寸,从而获得更高的功率密度. SiC MOSFET具有低开关损耗,使得更高的DC总线电压高达800V,较低开关损耗具有峰值效率大于97%.参考设计的输入为380–400 VAC峰值,DC输出为800V,在400-VAC 50或60-Hz电网连接时,最大输出功率为10-kW, 10-kVA,隔离驱动器ISO5852S具有增强的绝缘性能,用来驱动高压SiC MOSFET,而UCC5320S则用来驱动中等Si IGBT.采用AMC1301来监测负载电流,而TMS320F28379D控制卡用来数字控制.主要用在DC充电桩,电动汽车充电站功率模块,能量存储转换系统(PCS)和三相UPS.本文介绍了三相SiC AC/DC转换器参考设计TIDA-010039主要特性,框图和主要系统指标,以及电路图.

This reference design provides an overview on how to implement a three-level, three-phase, SiC-based AC/DC converter with bidirectional functionality. A high switching frequency of 50 kHz reduces the size of magnetics for the filter design and as a result a higher power density. SiC MOSFETs with low switching loss enable higher DC bus voltages of up to 800 V and lower switching losses with a peak efficiency of > 97%.

This design is configurable to work as a two-level or three-level rectifier. For design information on theDC/AC implementation, see TIDA-01606.

Newer generations of Electric Vehicles (EVs) are pushing the battery capacity and charging rates higher and higher to meet consumer demand for longer range and less time spent with the vehicle plugged in. To support these new trends, EV charging stations need to supply more power than ever before.

In addition to higher power levels, additional trends in the EV charging market are pushing the technology in other fronts:

1. Higher voltage batteries
2. Bidirectional power flow
3. Increased power density

By increasing battery voltage, more power to the vehicle can be realized at the same current levels. This also maintains or reduces the amount of copper and results in smaller power devices required in the power stages of the charging station. The reduction in di/dt also reduces the stress on electrical components. However, sustained DC voltages of > 800 V can be difficult to design to, or even find components that can survive it, especially in high switch frequency designs.

Bidirectional power flow from the grid to the battery, and battery to grid, is enabling the battery of the vehicle to serve as a distributed energy resource. This allows for grid load balancing when renewable resources are low, or to accommodate demand shift throughout the day.

To compensate for the voltage stresses generated by high-voltage batteries, and enable bidirectional power flow, new topologies of converters have been designed. Traditional half bridges block the full input voltage on each switching device. By adding additional switched blocking and conduction components, the overall stress on the device can be significantly reduced. This reference design shows how to implement a three-level converter. Higher level converters are also possible, further increasing the voltage handling capability.

Additional power density in power electronics is also being enabled by moving to higher switching speeds in the power converters. As this design shows, even a modestly higher switching speed reduces the overall size requirement of the output filter stage—a primary contributor to the design size.

Traditional switching devices have a limit in how quickly they can switch high voltages, or more appropriately, the dV/dt ability of the device. This slow ramp up and down increases switching loss because the device spends more time in a switching state. This increased switch time also increases the amount of dead time required in the control system to prevent shoot-through and shorts. The solution to this has been developed in newer switching semiconductor technology like SiC and GaN devices with high electron mobility. This reference design uses SiC MOSFETs alongside TI’s SiC gate driver technology to
demonstrate the potential increase in power density.

三相SiC AC/DC转换器参考设计TIDA-010039主要特性:

• Rated nominal input of 380–400 VAC peak, with DC output of 800 V
• Maximum 10-kW, 10-kVA output power at 400-VAC 50- or 60-Hz grid connection
• High-voltage (1200 V) SiC MOSFET-based fullbridge AC/DC converter for peak efficiency of > 97%
• Compact filter by switching rectifier at 50 kHz
• Isolated driver ISO5852S with reinforced isolation for driving high-voltage SiC MOSFET and UCC5320S for driving middle Si IGBT
• Isolated current sensing using the AMC1301 for load current monitoring
• TMS320F28379D control card for digital control

参考设计TIDA-010039应用:

• DC Charging (Pile) Station
• EV Charging Station Power Module
• Energy Storage Power Conversion System (PCS)
• Three Phase UPS

图1. 参考设计TIDA-010039外形图
TIDA-010039 Three-level, three-phase SiC AC-to-DC converter reference design board image

图2. 参考设计TIDA-010039框图
参考设计TIDA-010039主要系统指标:


图3. 两级三相转换器架构图

图4. 三级T型三相转换器架构图

图5. 参考设计TIDA-010039框图

图6. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(1)

图7. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(2)

图8. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(3)

图9. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(4)

图10. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(5)

图11. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(6)

图12. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(7)

图13. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(8)

图14. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(9)

图15. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(10)

图16. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(11)

图17. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(12)

图18. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(13)

图19. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(14)

图20. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(15)

图21. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(16)

图22. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(17)

图23. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(18)

图24. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(19)

图25. 参考设计TIDA-010039电路图(20)
详情请见:
http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/tiduej5/tiduej5.pdf
http://www.ti.com/lit/df/tidry57/tidry57.pdf
tiduej5.pdf
tidry57.pdf

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